Sotacarbo – Società Tecnologie Avanzate Low Carbon S.p.A. – was established on April 2nd 1987, as implementation of art. 5 of the Italian law 351/85“Norme per la riattivazione del bacino carbonifero del Sulcis”, whose main aim was to exploit coal through the development of advanced clean coal technologies.
The most important tool to reach this goal was the construction of the Sotacarbo Research Centre, which included the design and construction of pilot and demonstration plants; the development of studies and experimentations on new technologies; the design of new industrial plants for coal use.
The current shareholders are ENEA (The Italian national agency for new technologies, energy and sustainable economic development) and the Sardinian Regional Administration.
The Sardinian Regional Government is the framework of a representative presidential democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.
Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council of Sardinia. The Regional Government is led by the President of the Region, who is elected for a five-year term and is composed of the President and the Ministers, who are currently 12.
ENEA is the name for Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development. It is the second major Italian research organisation, with around 2700 staff employees distributed in its nine research centres all over the country.
The Agency’s activities are mainly focused on Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Sources, Nuclear Energy, Climate and the Environment, Safety and Health, New Technologies, Electric System Research. ENEA also develops new technologies and advanced applications; provides public and private bodies with high-tech services, studies, measurements, tests and assessments.